Dental implants are becoming the preferred choice of patients with missing teeth in today’s world. They are made to look, feel, and function just like natural teeth, and can provide significant benefits for oral health and improve your quality of life. The success of this dental treatment is largely dependent on the dental implant material used. 

dental implant material

This post from Sydney Dental will talk about the varying materials used for dental implants, their attributes, as well as pros and cons so you can make an informed decision for your treatment.

dental implant

1. Titanium implants

Titanium is the most commonly used material for dental implants. It is a biocompatible material, which means it is not rejected by the body and won’t cause an allergic reaction. Titanium also has excellent mechanical properties, meaning it is strong, durable, and resistant to corrosion.

These implants are typically made of commercially pure titanium or titanium alloys, which are a combination of titanium and other metals such as aluminum and vanadium. The composition of the alloy can affect the properties of the implant post, such as its strength, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility.

One of the main benefits of titanium implants is their ability to fuse with the surrounding bone in a process called osseointegration. This allows the implant to become integrated into the jawbone, providing a stable and secure base for the replacement tooth or bridge. Titanium implants also have a high success rate, with studies showing success rates of up to 95% after 10 years.

Nonetheless, titanium implants can be more expensive than other materials, and some people may have concerns about the use of metal in their body. Additionally, titanium implants can cause artifacts on certain types of medical imaging, such as MRI scanning.

2. Zirconia implants

Zirconia is a ceramic material that is becoming increasingly popular for dental implants. It is a biocompatible material that is resistant to corrosion and has excellent mechanical properties. Zirconia implants are typically made of a type of zirconia called yttria-stabilized zirconia, which has been stabilized with yttrium oxide to improve its strength and durability.

One of the main perks of zirconia implants is their white color, which can provide a more natural-looking result than titanium implants. Zirconia implants also have a lower risk of causing peri-implantitis which can occur as bacteria infect the soft tissues around the implant site.

Nevertheless, zirconia implants can be more brittle than titanium implants, which can increase the risk of breakages. Zirconia implants also have a lower success rate than titanium implants, with studies showing success rates of around 90% after 5 years.

dental implant material
dental implant material

3. Ceramic implants

Ceramic implants are another type of dental implant that are becoming more and more popular. They are made of a biocompatible ceramic material, typically a type of aluminum oxide called zirconia. Ceramic implants have a white color that can provide a natural-looking result, and they are resistant to corrosion.

Ceramic implants are also less likely to conduct high and low temperatures, which can be beneficial for people with teeth sensitivity. They are also less likely to attract plaque and bacteria than metal implants, which can reduce the risk of peri-implantitis.

However, ceramic implants can be more fragile than metal implants, increasing the risk of fractures. These implants also have a lower success rate than titanium implants, with studies showing success rates of around 90% after 5 years.

4. Polymer implants

Polymer implants are a relatively new type of dental implant that are made of a biocompatible polymer material, typically a type of polyetheretherketone (PEEK). PEEK implants have excellent mechanical properties, making them strong, durable, and resistant to corrosion.

One of the main advantages of polymer implants is their low density, which can reduce the overall weight of the implant. This can be beneficial for people who have concerns about the use of metal in their body, or for people who have specific medical conditions that may make metal implants unsuitable. Polymer implants are also less likely to cause artifacts on medical imaging, such as MRI scans.

However, polymer implants are relatively new and there is limited research available on their long-term safety and efficacy. They also have a lower success rate than titanium implants, with studies showing success rates of around 85% after 5 years.

5. Other materials

In addition to the materials mentioned above, there are other materials that have been used for dental implants, such as gold, cobalt-chrome, and magnesium. However, these are less commonly used due to their higher cost, lower biocompatibility, and inferior mechanical properties compared to titanium and zirconia.

Gold implants, for example, are rarely used due to their high cost and the fact that they can cause an allergic reaction in some people. Cobalt-chrome implants have good mechanical properties, but they are less biocompatible than titanium and zirconia, and can cause metal allergies and corrosion. Magnesium implants are still in the experimental stage, and their safety and efficacy for dental implants have not been thoroughly studied.

6. How to choose the best dental implant type for your treatment?

The choice of material for dental implants depends on a number of factors, including the patient’s individual needs and preferences, as well as the dentist’s expertise and experience. Titanium remains the most commonly used material for dental implants due to its excellent biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and high success rate. 

Zirconia and ceramic implants are also becoming more popular due to their natural-looking appearance and low risk of peri-implantitis, but they have a lower success rate than titanium implants. Polymer implants are a newer option that may be suitable for some patients, but more research is needed to establish their long-term safety and efficacy. 

dental implant material
dental implant material

7. A note from Sydney Dental

All in all, the choice of implant material should only be made during consultation with a qualified dental provider who can provide personalized advice based on the patient’s individual needs and circumstances.

Hopefully this read on dental implant materials is informative and helpful to you learning about this tooth restoration option. If you are still unsure of anything in search of a new unforgettably stunning smile, do not hesitate to reach out to us. We are at 499-501 Ba Hat St, Ward 8, District 10, HCMC, Vietnam looking forward to your visit. You may also call us at (028) 3504 9440 for a free no-obligation comprehensive consultation. Your pretty, shiny smile is 100% guaranteed at Sydney Dental!

 

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