Dental implants are deemed as a revolutionary invention in this era’s dentistry. They are made of titanium to be surgically inserted into the jawbone. Once the implant post has integrated with the patient’s jawbone, a dental crown or bridge is attached to it, offering a natural-looking and functional replacement tooth. Although this treatment typically has a high success rate, there is a risk of dental implant bone loss

dental implant bone loss

This problem can cause dental implant failure and the need for removal or replacement. This post from Sydney Dental will list the causes of dental implant bone loss, its signs and symptoms, as well as the treatment and prevention.

dental implant

1. What causes dental implant bone loss?

Dental implant bone loss, also known as peri-implantitis, occurs when there is inflammation and infection around the implant. This can lead to the injury to the bone supporting the implant, causing it to loosen and eventually fail. Several factors account for dental implant bone loss. These are:

  • Poor oral hygiene: Just like natural teeth, dental implants require regular brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings. Poor oral hygiene can lead to the buildup of bacteria around the implant, causing inflammation and infection;
  • Smoking: Smoking is a significant risk factor for dental implant failure. It reduces blood flow to the gums, making it harder for the body to fight infection and heal after surgery;
  • Gum disease: Gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the tissues supporting the teeth. If left untreated, it can spread to the implant and cause bone loss;
  • Trauma: Trauma to the implant, such as excessive biting forces or a blow to the face, can cause damage to the bone supporting the implant;
  • Medical conditions: Medical conditions such as diabetes, osteoporosis, and cancer can affect the body’s ability to heal and fight infection, increasing the risk of implant failure.

2. What are the signs and symptoms of dental implant bone loss?

The signs and symptoms of dental implant bone loss can differ, depending on the severity of the condition. In the early stages, there may be no symptoms at all, making it difficult to detect. Some of the common signs and symptoms of dental implant bone loss include:

  • Pain or discomfort around the implant;
  • Swelling or redness of the gums;
  • Bleeding when brushing or flossing;
  • Pus or discharge around the implant;
  • Loosening of the implant;
  • Receding gums around the implant;
  • Bad breath or a foul taste in the mouth.

If you notice any of the aforementioned symptoms, it is best that you contact your dental care provider right away. Early detection and timely treatment can prevent further damage to the bone and increase the possibility of saving the dental implant.

dental implant bone loss
dental implant bone loss

3. How to prevent dental implant bone loss?

Preventing dental implant bone loss starts with good oral hygiene. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and going to your dentist regularly for professional cleanings. Your dentist may also recommend the use of an antibacterial mouthwash to reduce the risk of infection.

If you smoke, quitting is essential for the success of your dental implant. Smoking reduces blood flow to the gums, making it harder for the body to heal after surgery and fight infection. Your dentist may also recommend that you avoid certain foods and drinks that can stain your teeth and gums, such as coffee, tea, and red wine.

It is also of great importance to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate sleep. Medical conditions such as diabetes, osteoporosis, and cancer can affect the body’s ability to heal and fight infection, increasing the risk of implant failure. If you have any medical conditions, it is important to manage them properly to reduce the risk of complications.

4. How to treat dental implant bone loss?

If dental implant bone loss is detected early, it can often be treated with nonsurgical methods. This may include:

  • Scaling and root planing: This is a deep cleaning procedure that removes bacteria and plaque from the gum pockets around the implant;
  • Antibiotics: Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to help fight the infection and reduce inflammation;
  • Laser therapy: Laser therapy can be used to remove bacteria and promote healing around the implant;
  • Mouthwash: Your dentist may recommend an antibacterial mouthwash to reduce the risk of infection.

If the bone loss is significant, surgical treatment may be required. This treatment can be:

  • Bone grafting: This means adding bone to the affected area to restore the bone that has been lost;
  • Soft tissue grafting: This involves adding gum tissue to the affected area to cover the exposed implant and prevent further damage;
  • Flap surgery: This includes lifting the gum tissue to access the affected area and remove the bacteria and damaged tissue;
  • Implant removal: In severe cases, it may be necessary to remove the implant and allow the area to heal before placing a new implant.
dental implant bone loss
dental implant bone loss

It is worth noting that early detection and treatment of dental implant bone loss can increase the chances of saving the implant. Regular dental checkups and proper oral hygiene practices can be effective in preventing dental implant bone loss and other dental problems.

Dental implant bone loss is a serious condition that can lead to implant failure and the need for removal or replacement. It is caused by inflammation and infection around the implant and can be prevented and treated with good oral hygiene practices, quitting smoking, and managing medical conditions.

5. A note from Sydney Dental

If you have any signs or symptoms of dental implant bone loss, seek prompt medical help. Early detection and treatment can prevent further damage to the bone and increase the chances of saving the implant. Your dental care provider can work with you to develop a treatment plan that is tailored to your individual needs and goals, helping you maintain a healthy, functional smile for years to come.

Hopefully this read on dental implant bone loss is informative and helpful to you learning about this tooth restoration option. If you are still unsure of anything in search of a new unforgettably stunning smile, do not hesitate to reach out to us. We are at 499-501 Ba Hat St, Ward 8, District 10, HCMC, Vietnam looking forward to your visit. You may also call us at (028) 3504 9440 for a free no-obligation comprehensive consultation. Your pretty, shiny smile is 100% guaranteed at Sydney Dental!

 

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