Are you getting dental implants for your tooth loss from trauma, tooth decay, periodontal disease, and aging? Before any treatment, it is advised that patients learn well about it. A popular misconception about dental implants is they only have one component that is the implant post. The fact is that a dental implant has 3 main components, that is a dental implant post, an abutment, and a top tooth restoration. What is abutment dental implant? What role does it play? How many types are there?

abutment dental implant

This post from Sydney Dental will provide you with an overview of dental implant abutment – its definition, types, benefits, and more. What are you waiting for? Read on and find right out about dental implant abutments with us.

dental implant

1. What is a dental implant abutment?

A dental implant abutment is a part designed to bind the implant post to the fake tooth or dental prosthesis, which can be a dental crown, bridge, or denture. It is an essential part of the dental implant procedure that helps to provide stability and support to the tooth or teeth that are being replaced. The dental implant abutment is usually made of titanium or zirconia, and it is attached to the implant post using a screw.

Dental implant abutments are designed in a wide array of shapes, sizes, and materials, and are selected depending on a varying of factors, such as where the implant is located, the bite of the patient, as well as their aesthetic needs. The kind of dental implant abutment used in the treatment can greatly affect the dental implant success rate and how long the top restoration lasts.

2. What are the types of dental implant abutment?

Generally speaking, dental implant abutments can be categorized into two main types, which are stock abutments and custom abutments. 

2.1. Stock abutments

Stock abutments are pre-manufactured and come in different shapes and sizes, while custom abutments are specifically designed for the patient’s mouth to ensure a perfect fit. Both types of abutments have their advantages and disadvantages, and the choice between them depends on the specific needs and preferences of the patient.

Stock abutments are usually less expensive and readily available, which makes them a popular choice for many patients. They are also available in different angles and heights, which makes it easy for the dentist to find a suitable abutment for the patient’s needs. However, stock abutments may not be a perfect fit for some patients, which can lead to complications such as implant failure, bone loss, and gum recession.

2.2. Custom abutments

Custom abutments, on the other hand, are designed specifically for the patient’s mouth, which ensures a perfect fit and minimizes the risk of complications. They are usually made of a more expensive material, which makes them more expensive than stock abutments. However, custom abutments offer several advantages over stock abutments, including better aesthetics, improved function, and increased comfort.

2.3. Abutments with a metal or ceramic collar

Abutments with a metal or ceramic collar are usually added when the dental implant is located at the front area of the mouth or when the patient has thin or receding gums. Abutments with a collar are used to give a more natural-looking appearance for the transitional part between the dental implant and the gum. This adds to the aesthetics of the tooth restoration in particular and the dental implant in general.

abutment dental implant
abutment dental implant

3.How is a dental implant abutment added?

The procedure for attaching an abutment usually includes certain different steps. First off, the dental implant post is inserted into your jawbone during a surgery with the help of local anesthesia or IV sedation. Following this step, a recovery time taking several months is required for the newly placed implant to be fused with the body. This time is also referred to as osseointegration. When the dental implant post has fully anchored into the jawbone, the abutment attachment can take place through a minimally surgical procedure.

During this surgery, the oral surgeon will numb your mouth up using a numbing medication, or local anesthesia. This is to ensure that you will experience no pain and discomfort during the process. When your mouth is well prepared, the surgeon will reopen your gum to reveal the healed implant. Next, they proceed to attach the abutment of a proper size onto the implant then close your gum over it. The patient will go home for another healing period of around 2 weeks before they can come in for the last step of the dental implant treatment.

Sometimes, the dental implant can be added at the same time as the implant surgery. This is also referred to as immediate loading, which can shorten the time needed for visits and thus speed up the treatment process. Nonetheless, everyone is a good candidate for this immediate loading technique, and it should be chosen at patients’ discretion, according to their particular conditions and needs.

After the addition of the dental implant abutment, the oral surgeon will take measurements of it and the adjacent teeth. These impressions are used to fabricate a customized top prosthesis, which can be a dental crown, bridge, or denture, which will be bound to the dental implant abutment during the next dental visit.

abutment dental implant
abutment dental implant

4. How to take care of your dental implant abutment?

The dental implant abutment plays an important role in the success of the dental implant procedure. It provides a stable base for the artificial tooth or teeth, which helps to prevent implant failure and ensure the long-term success of the dental implant treatment. This is why it is of great importance that you care for and maintain your implants properly. This includes the following habits:

  • Brush, floss, and rinse your mouth at least twice every day. Dental implants look and function the same as original teeth, and hence, should be treated like natural teeth in terms of hygiene and maintenance;
  • Keep your implant site and surrounding tissues clean. This is to minimize the risk of bacteria formation to prevent infection and other complications;
  • Attend periodic dental check ups and cleanings. This is to ensure your dental implants are in good conditions and detect any problems in an early manner for timely treatment.

5. A note from Sydney Dental

Hopefully this read on dental implant abutments is informative and helpful to you learning about dental implant treatment. If you are still unsure of anything in search of a new unforgettably stunning smile, do not hesitate to reach out to us. We are at 499-501 Ba Hat St, Ward 8, District 10, HCMC, Vietnam looking forward to your visit. You may also call us at (028) 3504 9440 for a free no-obligation comprehensive consultation. Your pretty, shiny smile is 100% guaranteed at Sydney Dental!

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